Word Rabbit Science - Journal of the World Rabbit Sciencie Association

Electronic ISSN: 1989-8886


Instructions to Authors

  1. Instructions to Authors
  2. Type of Articles
  3. Preparation of Manuscripts
  4. Paper Section
  5. Manuscript Submission
  6. Review Process
  7. Copyright and Charges


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Instructions to Authors

Results of work contained in manuscripts submitted to WRS must not have been published previously in an international refereed scientific journal. Previous presentation at a scientific meeting or the use data in field day reports or similar documents, including local technical press, does not preclude the publication of such data in WRS. Views expressed in papers published in WRS represent the opinion of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy of the World Rabbit Science Association or the Editor-in-Chief.


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Type of Articles

Research articles: Data of research articles must have been statistically analysed using approved statistical methods. Treatment means must be accompanied by standard errors. If Bayesian analyses are performed, posterior means or modes must be accompanied by credibility intervals or high posterior density intervals.

Review articles: The journal only publishs reviews ordered from the Editorial Board (Associate Editors or Editor in Chief). These revisons are demanded in “hot topics” and to authors with a large career in this specific topic. Reviews should include the term "Review" in the title.

Technical notes: A technical note is a vehicle to report a field study or a new method, technique or procedure of interest to WRS readers.

Letters to the Editor: Letters judged suitable for publication by the Section Editor, will be printed in a special section of the journal. The purpose of this section is to encourage scientific debate and discussion among those interested in rabbit production and biology. When these letters refer to published articles they must provide supporting evidence based on published data for the points made, or must develop logical scientific hypotheses. Letters based on conjectures or on unsubstantiated claims will not be published.


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Preparation of Manuscripts

Papers must be written in English, following current usage. Spelling should follow that of the Oxford Dictionary. The only word admitted by the WRSA for young rabbits is 'kit' (plural = 'kits'). Words such 'pups', 'young rabbits' or 'bunnies' should be avoided.

Manuscripts should be written with wide margins and be double spaced. Pages should be numbered. Lines should be numbered to help the refereeing procedure.

Font: Use Times New Roman font with a type size of 12 points.

Units: The International System of Units should be used. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius.

First Page: Should bear the Running Head, the title of the paper, the names of the authors, the complete postal address of the authors and phone, fax 190 as a running head and consisting of not more than 50 letters and spaces must also be given on the first page after the mention "Running Head".

Headings: Major headings (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and References) are centered and appear in bold type capitalized. First subheadings appear at the left margin on a separate line in bold type and are followed by punctuation. Second subheadings appear in italics at the beginning of the first line of a paragraph.

Illustrations: All the illustrations (figures and tables) should be presented each on a separate sheet and referred to in the text by their number. Tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals and be accompanied by adequate titles and, if necessary, table footnotes. Figures should also be numbered with Arabic numerals, and the title given on the same sheet. Figure legends should be explicit so that the illustrations are comprehensible without reference to the text. Figures can be sent in Word, PDF, TIFF, BMP, JPG, JPEG or GIF format, but XLS format is recommended for its subsequent homogenisation. If there are no possibilities of sending figures by e-mail, they can be sent by post, with a copy of the paper.

Citations: Citations should be made in lower case. Apart from reviews, the number of citations should be minimised; select only the most pertinent ones. When two or more citations are included in a grouping within a sentence, the citations must be arranged in chronological order, and if needed, alphabetically within the year. For two authors "and" (e.g. Blasco and Ouhayoun, 1996) has to be employed; but for three and more authors cited "et al.", has to be used (e.g. Coudert et al., 1992). If, two papers abbreviate identically in the text, place a different letter after the date for each paper, both in the text and in the references list (e.g. Lebas et al., 1992a)


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Paper Section

ABSTRACT: The abstract should be written in a single paragraph. It should be informative, containing the main numeric results. The abstract should be understandable without reference to the paper. No references should be given in the abstract. The abstract will have a maximum of 350 words.

KEY WORDS: List up to a maximum of six key words at the end of the abstract.

INTRODUCTION: The introduction briefly justifies the research and specifies the hypotheses to be tested. Extensive discussion of the relevant literature should be included in the discussion of the results, not in the introduction. To minimise length and avoid redundancy, no more than three references should be cited to support a specific concept.

MATERIALS AND METHODS used should be given in enough detail to permit the reader to repeat the experiment. If some methods refer to other published papers, they should be accessible by the normal reader. Some harmonised methods, recommendations and guidelines for rabbit science experiments (nutrition, meat, reproduction...) have been published in WRS, and the Editorial Office encourage their use.

RESULTS (may be combined with discussion) should be presented in graphics or tabular form when feasible. The text should explain or elaborate on the presented data, but numbers should not be normally repeated within the text. Figures should not repeat the information given in tables.

Mean and standard error (or standard deviation) must be expressed with the same degree of accuracy. The same applies for credibility intervals in Bayesian analyses. Some examples are listed below:

2452 ± 43; 0.732 ± 0.021; 7.500 ± 0.015; 9750 ± 240; 9.75 ± 0.24

In a normal situation, the standard error, or the credibility intervals in the Bayesian case, are expressed by two significant digits, e.g. 35 or 0.35 or 0.0035. Examples for a rabbit live weight:

1756 ± 25 g or 1.756 ± 0.025 kg.

DISCUSSION (may be combined with results and with conclusions) should interpret the results integrating literature results with the research findings to provide the reader with a basis on which to accept or reject the hy potheses tested. At the end, the discussion may also include technical or economical implications when suitable.

CONCLUSIONS (may be combined with discussion): Main technical or economical implications can be written separately in a paragraph of conclusions when suitable.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: When appropriate, names of technical assistants, funding organisations, research grants, and other thanks must be included, in Acknowledgements.

REFERENCES LIST: The references should be given in full with the name and forename initial(s) of the author(s), year, full title of the article, and journal of publication with indication of the volume, first and last page of the article. In the list of references, the order should be alphabetical with papers by the same authors arranged in the order 1) single author, 2) two authors alphabetically according to the name of the second author, and 3) three or more authors chronologically with a,b,c etc. for papers published in the same year. References should be abbreviated in accordance with the rules of Biosciences Information Service (Biosis). In uncertainty about the correct abbreviation, the full journal title should be employed.

Names of authors are in lower case, name of the journal and number of the journal in italics. Transcriptions from non-Latin alphabets must be written between square brackets. Some examples are given below.

Adamson I., Fisher H. 1973. Aminoacid requirements of the growing rabbit: an estimate of quantitative needs. J. Nutr., 103: 1306-1310.

Colin M., 1993. Rabbit production in East European countries. World Rabbit Sci., 1: 37-52.

EC Council. 2002. Regulation laying down health rules concerning animal by-products not intended for human consumption. No. 1774/2002/EC, 3 October 2002. Off. J. Eur. Comm., 10 October 2002, L 273, 1-95.

ISTAT. 2007. Dati mensili sulla macellazione delle carni bianche. Istituto nazionale di statistica. Anni 2004-2008. Available at: http://www.istat.it/agricoltura/datiagri/carnibianche/.  Accessed January 2009.

Italian Law. 1993. Attuazione della direttiva 93/119/CE relativa alla protezione degli animali durante la macellazione e l’abbattimento. Decreto Legislativo No 33, 1 September 1988. Gazzetta Ufficiale, 28 September 1998, No 226.

Koehl P.F. 1988. The performances of rabbit production units followed through technical and economical management. In Proc.: 4th World Rabbit Congress, 10-14 October, 1988. Budapest, Hungary. 1: 318- 325.

Lebas F., Coudert P., Rouvier R., de Rochambeau H. 1986. The rabbit, breeding and pathology. F.A.O., Rome, Italy.

SAS. 1988. SAS/STAT User's Guide (Release 6.03). SAS Inst. Inc., Cary NC, USA.

Smith J.E., Lang G.H. 1992. Composition of rabbit blood. In: Foster R.P., Manners G.P.R. (ed). Biology of mammals. Boff Inc., Corronsac SD, USA, 789-792.

Yu B., Chio P.W.S., Young C.L., Huang H.H. 1987.[A study of rabbit T-type canula and ileal digestibility]. J. Chin. Soc. Anim. Sci., 16, 73-81.


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Manuscript Submission

Submite the file to the manuscript center of WRS. This platform will manage your paper throughout whole evaluation process by one of the Associate Editors, according to the main subject of the paper.

View Associate Editors


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Review Process

The manuscript received will be submitted to two referees and, returned to the author(s) for final writing. After modifications according to the referees' comments, the revised paper should be sent to the Section Editor attached to an e-mail. The Section Editor proposes the publication of the paper to the Editor-in-Chief. Exceptionally, authors can receive comments or suggestions from the Editor-in-Chief. Proof-prints are sent to the authors by e-mail in a PDF file. Authors should examine them carefully and send by e-mail the misprints observed. Modifications of the paper's content are not allowed in print- proofs.


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Copyright and Charges

If the manuscript is accepted for publication, copyrights will be assigned exclusively to the Publisher. No part of this publication (except summaries) may be reproduced without the prior written consent of the Publisher. There will be no page charge. Authors will receive a pdf file containing their article, but no off-prints are provided.